A hypothesis proposed by Martin Orne that a deceptive examinee would not be as detectible by an examiner who conducts a polygraph examination on behalf of the examinee’s attorney because the examinee has no fear of adverse consequences. All field studies that have investigated it have failed to find the effect. See: Honts (1997); Ishida & Sevilla (1981); Matte & Reuss (1990); Orne (1973); Raskin (1976).