An expression referring to an apparently free choice that offers no genuine alternative. It was named after Thomas Hobson, a stable owner in the 16th century, who offered patrons the horse nearest the door, or none at all. For Hobson’s customers, there was the illusion of choice, but no actual options. Hobson’s Choice is used in polygraphy when the probable-lie questions are developed in the pretest interview. The examinee feels as if he or she must pass this question to pass the examination. During the pretest interview the question is presented and refined until the examinee chooses to deceive rather than to accept the much less desirable option of acknowledging socially proscribed behaviors. Truthfulness is not a true choice in that circumstance, and therefore the examinee’s decision to lie is based not on a free choice but on a Hobson’s Choice. The lack of alternatives or “escapes,” which is associated with a state of “learned helplessness,” may be a mechanism in the arousal level. See: Vendemia (2002).