Also called two-stage rules, Senter Rules are used for single-issue testing. The Senter Rules begin by basing a decision on the total score for the case. If a decision would be inconclusive from the total score rule, the second stage is used in which the spot scores are considered. The net effect of the Senter Rules is to decrease the proportion of inconclusive results while not affecting the proportion of correct decisions. See: Senter & Dollins (2002).